pistachio tree

Facts About Pistachio Tree

Pistachio tree can’t be grown everywhere due to the weather conditions and climate, but it is exported and supplied to all the countries. Pistachio trees grow in areas that have a temperature above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, sandy loams are the best soils for pistachio cultivation.

Pistachios are gained notice due to the high nutritional values and the great taste they have, even in the sweets, ice creams, as well as cuisines.

Pistachio cultivation need to the well drained soil; Pistachio trees are very long-living, and they have a huge taproot. The tree can grow up to 20 to 30 feet and can even grow in individual containers for the first three to four years quickly.

Pruning of The Pistachio Tree

The pistachio tree is considered to be a tree that provides fruits, and pruning of the pistachio tree is a very integral process in order to be able to obtain a high quality of pistachio and to control the growth.

The removal of the upper branches that shade the trunk is a must. The pistachio tree must be maintained, and the open center structure should be protected as soon as the tree grows taller by the secondary branches.

Pruning of the pistachio tree can be done twice or thrice in a year, along with summer pruning that occurs in the spring as well as summer.

Where Do Pistachios Grow?

Pistachio trees grow in California, Arizona as well as New Mexico as they love desert heat. The pistachio trees grow in dry as well as hot areas, but they require long summers that are scorching as well as cold winters simultaneously.

The tree must experience both heat and cold that create a period of dormancy for the pistachios. The desserts that are located in the southwest of America are warm enough and suitable for the pistachio trees to grow.

The pistachio trees start bearing fruits in the fourth or the fifth year after their budding. Once the pistachio trees are ready and have fruits, they are shaken, and the pistachios are gathered from under the tree.

A large sheet is placed under the tree to speed up the process of collecting. To avoid staining on the pistachios, they should be shelled or even cured on the same day.

Planting The Pistachio Tree

Pistachio trees are best to be planted in the springs, and then they will be able to establish themselves the entire summer.

The holes planted should be very deep as the root balls and wide. Pistachio trees do not require a lot of irrigation as compared to the crops in the same family, such as almonds.

Pistachio trees are considered to be exotic. Pistachio trees grow in suitable climates, and if you have a yard, you can grow pistachio trees there. Pistachio trees grow well in deserts, and they are known to be very intriguing.

Conditions Where Pistachio Tree Can Grow

Pistachio trees grow well in the best areas where the winters are cold, and the summers are considerably long. In such a hot and dry climate, pistachio trees grow really well. Pistachio trees grow well in the altitude of up to 2200 feet, and in some cases, they can even grow in higher altitudes such as 3300.

Cold winters are required for the pistachio trees as they satisfy the requirements in the cold. Pistachio trees have female as well as male genders, and cold is great for their needs.

The root of the pistachio trees is about 10 feet, and the width can even exceed 23 to 26 feet. The tree is very deciduous and long-living. Unlike other nuts in the same family, pistachios grow in clusters just like grapes, and the tree bears fruits in shoots that are created a year prior by the buds.

This is why pistachio trees do not grow everywhere due to the weather and climate requirements. There is nothing to worry about as we are lucky to have pistachios through imports and exports.

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Iranian pistachio is one of the best pistachio types in the world

Iranian Pistachio

There are hundreds of thousands hectares of Iranian pistachio plantation in Kerman province. Great soil, sustainable sunshine, and matchless atmosphere in Iran, provides the condition for production of the best pistachios in the world. The kernel ratio of Iranian pistachio is higher than every other type in the world. The Iranian pistachio kernel is more delightful than other kinds of pistachios in the world and has a high quality due to the ideal climate of Iran.

This delicious product is very famous around the world and has its market in most countries. To have the maximum product, the relative humidity in Summer should be less than 35%. Other pistachio-growing provinces are Khorasan, Fars, Yazd, Semnan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Qazvin, Central Isfahan and Qom, which have more than ninety thousand hectares of cultivated areas.

The peeled kernel is perceived as the most excellent and expensive among all types of pistachios.  In Iran, this output is achieved by harvesting pistachios before they are fully ripe so that the green color of the kernel has not become yellowish. These pistachios are dried in the sun and shelled. The nuts are soaked in boiling water before the softened grain coat is mechanically extracted.

Pistachios are famous for their excellent flavor and fun easy-to-crack shells. These remarkable pistachios are dry roasted in the shell, with salt, and do not include any dyes. On average, 5% of Iranian Pistachios are closed shell pistachios which are exported from Iran each year.

Pistachio oil is high in Vitamin E. It is used as a table oil to add flavor to foods such as steamed vegetables. Pistachio oil is also used in skin care products.

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Iran is one of the largest countries producing pistachios.

History of Pistachio

Pistachio, this small tree originating from the Western Asia and Asia Minor; It cultivates in hot, dry soils in Iran, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Iraq. This popular seed has a lot of advocates all over the world. Its thought that the Pistachio tree domesticated and cultivated in Iran more than 3 or 4 thousand years ago. Pistachios still can be found in dry and hot locations

Iran and USA are the largest countries producing Pistachios. In 2019 they have produced 74 % of the world’s Pistachios. In addition, other countries such as Turkey and China are known as Pistachio producers. But the rest of countries are just consumers or their production is trivial; therefore they import Pistachio.

Botany of Pistachio

Among 11 species of the genus Pistacia, the only edible specie is the Pistachio of commerce. The Latin name of this type is Pistacia Vera L. Its the member of Anacardiaceae family. They are from cashew, mango, poison ivy and oak, pepper tree and sumac.

Pistachios are in the classification of drupes as the same as almonds and peaches. all drupes have three parts: an exocarp, a fleshy mesocarp and an endocarp that takes the seed. The tree loses its leaves in the Fall and it grows again in Spring.

Suitable Areas for the cultivation are the ones that have hot weather and dry soil and of course long Summer and moderate Winter; in this weather Pistachio tree can grow very well. The best weather for the growth is 2200-2800 heat.

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