Iranian pistachio is one of the best pistachio types in the world

Iranian Pistachio

There are approximately 270 000 hectares of Iranian pistachio plantation in Kerman province. Great soil, sustainable sunshine, and matchless atmosphere in Iran, provides the condition for production of the best pistachios in the world. The kernel ratio of Iranian pistachio is higher than every other type in the world. The Iranian pistachio kernel is more delightful than other kinds of pistachios in the world and has a high quality due to the ideal climate of Iran.

This delicious product is very famous around the world and has its market in most countries. To have the maximum product, the relative humidity in Summer should be less than 35%. Other pistachio-growing provinces are Khorasan, Fars, Yazd, Semnan, Sistan and Baluchestan, Qazvin, Central Isfahan and Qom, which have more than ninety thousand hectares of cultivated areas.

The peeled kernel is perceived as the most excellent and expensive among all types of pistachios.  In Iran, this output is achieved by harvesting pistachios before they are fully ripe so that the green color of the kernel has not become yellowish. These pistachios are dried in the sun and shelled. The nuts are soaked in boiling water before the softened grain coat is mechanically extracted.

Pistachios are famous for their excellent flavor and fun easy-to-crack shells. These remarkable pistachios are dry roasted in the shell, with salt, and do not include any dyes. On average, 5% of Iranian Pistachios are closed shell pistachios which are exported from Iran each year.

Pistachio oil is high in Vitamin E. It is used as a table oil to add flavor to foods such as steamed vegetables. Pistachio oil is also used in skin care products.

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Iran is one of the largest countries producing pistachios.

History of Pistachio

Pistachio, this small tree originating from the Western Asia and Asia Minor; It cultivates in hot, dry soils in Iran, Lebanon, Palestine, Syria, Iraq. This popular seed has a lot of advocates all over the world. Its thought that the Pistachio tree domesticated and cultivated in Iran more than 3 or 4 thousand years ago. Pistachios still can be found in dry and hot locations

Iran and USA are the largest countries producing Pistachios. In 2019 they have produced 74 % of the world’s Pistachios. In addition, other countries such as Turkey and China are known as Pistachio producers. But the rest of countries are just consumers or their production is trivial; therefore they import Pistachio.

Botany of Pistachio

Among 11 species of the genus Pistacia, the only edible specie is the Pistachio of commerce. The Latin name of this type is Pistacia Vera L. Its the member of Anacardiaceae family. They are from cashew, mango, poison ivy and oak, pepper tree and sumac.

Pistachios are in the classification of drupes as the same as almonds and peaches. all drupes have three parts: an exocarp, a fleshy mesocarp and an endocarp that takes the seed. The tree loses its leaves in the Fall and it grows again in Spring.

Suitable Areas for the cultivation are the ones that have hot weather and dry soil and of course long Summer and moderate Winter; in this weather Pistachio tree can grow very well. The best weather for the growth is 2200-2800 heat.

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