Different Types of Pistachio Trees

Pistachio is a nut that belongs to the cashew family. It is a small tree that originated in Central Asia as well as the Middle East.

Pistachio is one of the important component of salty and sweet nuts, that are produced in two types, raw and roasted. It is one of most important nuts in Iran and the world. In addition it contains high nutritional values.

Different Types of Pistachios in Iran

There are different types of pistachios in Iran and the world with different packages and sizes. The common pistachio types are:

Types of Pistachios

Round Pistachio or Fandoghi

The shape of the Round Pistachio is spherical (hazelnut), the percentage of laughter is very high, the surface color is purple and the skin color is creamy.

Kale Ghoochi or Jumbo Pistachio

The shape of the Kalr Ghoochi Pistachio is medium laughing percentage. The red color of the red marrow is gray and the skin color is white with moderate opacity.

Long Pistachio

This type of Pistachio has three different types: Badami, Ahmad Aghaie and Akbari.

Badami Pistachio

The Badami Pistachios are shorter in size compared to the Ahmad Aghaie Pistachios but their shape is very similar to the almonds. The Badami Pistachio is 22 to 24 pcs up to 30 to 32 pc.

Ahmad Aghaie Pistachio

This type of Pistachio is large, and has an almond shape. Ahmad Aghaie Pistachios harvested in September. This type of Pistachio is very popular for farmers because of the high efficiency and the short time to resulting.

Akbari Pistachio

Akbari Pistachio shape is almond and high percentage of laughter and the surface color of the kernel is purple-brown and the bone skin color is dark cream.

Read More

Is Pistachio nut or fruit?

The pistachio tree is native to Central Asia, including Iran and Afghanistan. Archaeologists believe it has been a common food since 6750 BC.

Modern Pistachios were first cultivated in the Bronze Age in Central Asia, now called Uzbekistan.

In Iran, Kerman province and at the top of it, Rafsanjan city, is the main center of Pistachio production.

In the 19th century, Pistachios grown commercially in parts of the world, such as Australia, New Mexico, and California. it was konwn as the Garden Tree in 1854.

It is a desert plant and is very resistant to saline soil. Pistachios trees are relatively resistant in suitable conditions. They resist in different temperatures between 10 degrees Celsius in winter and 48 degrees Celsius in summer. Pistachios need sun and well-drained soil.

Pistachio trees in conditions of high humidity have poor performance and the same is true if they receive a lot of water. The soil also does not have enough water absorption capacity. Long, hot summers are needed for the fruit to ripen properly.

Pistachio nut seeds

Characteristics of Pistachio tree

Pistachio tree grows up to 10 meters in height and has 10 to 20 cm long leaves that fall in winter. These trees have different male and female types but the flowers are unisexual and grow in clusters. Pistachio tree is the same as grape tree, it has a elongated seed, which is the edible part of Pistachio.

What are the nutritional value of Pistachios?

Raw Pistachios contain 4% water, 45% fat and 28% carbohydrates and 20% protein. 100 grams of Pistachios have 562 calories and are a rich source of protein, dietary fiber, several minerals and B vitamins such as thiamine and vitamin B6.

Read More